Information, resources and research from multiple areas of science and clinical practice.  We continually seek to refine our understanding and expand our knowledge.  Our focus is on the cranio-cervical junction, also known as the upper cervical spine.

What is Meniere's Disease?

There is no accepted standard as to what is the cause of Meniere’s disease. Currently one theory is an abnormal amount of fluid in the inner ear. Usually when the diagnosis is given to a patient, it is termed as “Idiopathic”.    (Ideopathic = Unknown Cause) (1)  (Read More)

Whiplash, Neck Injury, and Meneire's disease

Anyone experiencing Meniere’s Disease is undoubtedly familiar with the complexity of symptoms ranging from vertigo or dizziness, ringing in the ears (tinnitus) and ear pressure to hearing loss.  What we also see when we take a deeper look are secondary conditions relating to the eustachian tubes, the upper cervical spine, the temporomandibular joints and the autonomic nervous system. (Read More)

Research Article Here


Cerebro Spinal Fluid

Understanding Autism, CSF Flow, and Upper Cervical

 “Normally, autism is diagnosed when the child is two or three years old and beginning to show behavioral symptoms; there are currently no early biological markers,” said David G. Amaral, director of research at the UC Davis MIND Institute. “That there’s an alteration in the distribution of cerebrospinal fluid that we can see on MRIs as early as six months, is a major finding.” (Read More)


Your Brain, CSF Flow, and Your Spine

The affect of the Atlas Displacement Complex (ADC) on proper CSF (Cerebro-Spinal Fluid) flow, and the long-term, systemic affects when it is obstructed is an important factor for the health of the person, regardless of age. (Read More)


Link between Scoliosis and CSF Flow

new study put out by the NIH (National Institute of Health) is showing a connection between scoliosis and CSF (Cerebral Spinal Fluid) Flow.
(Read More)



Whiplash-Associated Disorders: Occupant Kinematics and Neck Morphology.

If you or someone you know has experienced a whiplash type trauma to the head and neck this article explains the physics and morphology of associated problems that occur in the cervical spine. Read on to find out more.


Management of cervical disc herniation with upper cervical chiropractic care.

This is a review of a case report on a patient with severe neck pain and low back and a diagnosed cervical disc herniation that resolved through stabilizing the upper cervical spine. Read More.




Parkinson's Disease

Upper cervical chiropractic management of a patient with Parkinson's disease: a case report.

Parkinsons disease can be debilitating but in this case study a 60 year old man had great success with upper cervical chiropractic care in reducing his symptoms and regaining function. Read on to find out more.





Chiari Malformation

A case-control study of cerebellar tonsillar ectopia (Chiari) and head/neck trauma (whiplash).
If you have had a head or neck trauma you might know that the traditional standard of care is to image the area. Usually the imaging is done while laying down however in this study a handful of doctors show a significant difference in findings of Cerebellar Tonsillar Ectopia or CTE when imaging the head and neck in an upright position.Read on to find out more.



Neck Pain

Chronic neck pain, standing balance, and suboccipital muscle atrophy--a pilot study.

This study shows that patients with chronic neck pain have a decrease in standing balance. As well this study found that at the base of the skull the sub occipital muscles tended to have more muscle wasting in those that had deacreased standing balance. Read More


Management of cervical disc herniation with upper cervical chiropractic care.

This is a review of a case report on a patient with severe neck pain and low back and a diagnosed cervical disc herniation that resolved through stabilizing the upper cervical spine. Read More

Mechanisms of musculoskeletal pain.

Nikolai Bogduk is a master of physiology and anatomy. In this study mechanisms of musculoskeletal pain are described in a manner that is more easy to understand. Read on to find out more.


The effect of upper cervical or sacroiliac manipulation on hip flexion range of motion effect of upper cervical or sacroiliac manipulation on hip flexion range of motion

Did you know that hip flexion and range of motion can be improved by an adjustment in the upper cervical spine? In this study a significant change was shown. Read More


Persistent Neck Pain after Trauma

A new article in Journal of Orthopedic & Sports Physical Therapy is addressing the connection between neck trauma and Dizziness, Visual Disturbances and sensorimotor control
Essentially the authors go into explaining how an initial accident or injury to the neck can result in long term secondary conditions due to its affects on the function of the nervous system and the cervical spine. "There is considerable evidence to support the importance of cervical afferent dysfunction in the development of dizziness, unsteadiness, visual disturbances, and altered balance, eye, and head movement control following neck trauma, especially in those with persistent pain.” (Read More)




Migraine Headaches

Suffering From Chronic Migraine

Migraine Headaches are all too common. Almost everyone knows someone who suffers from migraines, or suffers from migraines themselves... trying to find relief through through various treatments can be difficult on the way to finding a solution. (Read More)




Anatomy of a Headache

The term “Headache” is something that everyone knows, wether it is from personal experience or someone you know. But not all headaches are the same. Part of working with a wide variety of patients and their needs is being familiar with the different types and what they mean for the person.  
(Read More)




Cervicogenic Dizziness: A review of Diagnosis and Treatment

Damages to the upper cervical spine in flexion extension injuries can be an underlying cause of cervicogenic dizziness or dizziness that comes from the neck. This is a finding that upper cervical chiropractors see in their offices daily. Read More





Objective Measures

Interexaminer reliability of supine leg checks for discriminating leg-length inequality. reliability of supine leg checks for discriminating leg-length inequality

In this study the authors report on the first ever study on the reliability of the supine leg check that has been published in peer reviewed medical literature. The importance of checking leg length in an upper cervical chiropractic office is often times one of the main objective test for when and when not to apply a force to the upper cervical spine.  Read More.




Multiple Sclerosis

Preliminary results after upper cervical chiropractic care in patients with chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis. upper cervical chiropractic care in patients with chronic cerebro-spinal venous insufficiency and multiple sclerosis.

In this study 77 diagnosed multiple sclerosis patients received upper cervical chiropractic care for 4 months and reported statistically significant improvements in their symptoms. This study was a collaboration of an upper cervical doctor and a specialized medical clinic in Italy. Read More


Multiple Sclerosis: Upper Cervical Chiropractic and Better Function

Study: A total of 77 patients who had been diagnosed with MS were examined for atlas displacement complex and CCSVI. Post X-rays to show structural realignment, a questionairre around symptoms of multiple sclerosis, and a disability index were all used to measure the improvement of the patients. 

 RESULTS: Improvements were significant in all three perameters. Reduction of the Atlas Displacement Complex and the patient’s subjective improvements were most significant. (Read More)


Upper Cervical Chiropractic Care Patient Satisfaction and Experience

In this study 1000 patients from 83 different upper cervical chiropractors were followed in their care. Patients showed a high level of satisfaction after 3 weeks of care. In 83 doctors and over 5 million career adjustments the doctors reported no serious adverse events. This study seems to show the benefits far outweigh the risks in upper cervical chiropractic care. Read More.